Nephrology

What is a Nephrologist?

A nephrologist, also called a kidney doctor, is a doctor of internal medicine with a specialization in kidney care and hypertension. A nephrologist can diagnose and treat kidney disease and kidney failure, and hypertension. The kidney doctor assists people with kidney failure by prescribing medications, offering special diet advice, and coordinating dialysis care if necessary.

Education

To study nephrology, a student must first graduate from medical school followed by a three-year program of internal medicine. To finally become a nephrologist, he must complete a two- to three-year fellowship specializing in nephrology.

To be certified as a nephrologist, a nephrologist first must have completed his certification in internal medicine, must then complete an accredited nephrology program, and must pass a nephrology certification exam. The nephrologist must re-certify every 10 years by re-taking the certification exam.

Tests Performed by Nephrologists

In order to identify a possible problem, a nephrologist will conduct a full physical exam followed by blood and urine tests. Your blood pressure is of paramount importance in the nephrologist’s evaluation. The nephrologist generally will have the patient conduct an ultrasound and, if necessary, perform a kidney biopsy. These are imaging tests that provide further information on the potential problem.

Diagnoses/Prescriptions

Following test results, a nephrologist will diagnose the problem and prescribe a treatment plan, if necessary. In addition to a medication regimen, renal diet and life style modifications may be necessary as part of the treatment plan. This may include a weight loss program. Avoiding excess weight or obesity is extremely important. The nephrologist typically recommends a low salt diet and plenty of fluids. S/he does not typically perform surgery. The nephrologist generally will refer the patient to the approriate physician in the event that one is needed.

Reasons to See a Nephrologist

Possible reasons to see a nephrologist include the following, amongst others:

  • Chronic or repeat urinary tract infections
  • Repeat kidney stones
  • Protein in the urine
  • Generalized swelling or swollen legs
  • High blood pressure
  • Blood in the urine
  • Changes in urinary frequency
  • Changes in the amount of urine
  • Acute kidney failure

About Dr. Francisco Pons

Dr. Francisco Pons has been a practicing physician since 1977, and a nephrologist since 1997. His practice and training have covered numerous specialties and have spanned the globe. In addition to nephrology, his diverse

Nephrology

What is a Nephrologist? A nephrologist, also called a kidney doctor, is a doctor of internal medicine with a specialization in kidney care and hypertension. A nephrologist can diagnose and treat kidney disease and kidney

What is Kidney Disease?

The two most common causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. People with a family history of any kind of kidney problem are also at risk for kidney disease. Most kidney diseases attack the
  • Welcome to Kidney Treatment & Hypertension Associates

    Kidney Treatment and Hypertension Associates is a Nephrology practice located in the heart of Kendall, one of the fastest growing suburbs of beautiful Miami, Florida. Kidney Treatment and Hypertension Associates offers sophisticated yet warm, individualized patient care.

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